The Carpathian wisent was a subspecies of the European bison that inhabited the Carpathian Mountains, Moldavia and Transylvania. It may also have lived in what are today Ukraine and Hungary. It began to die out about a hundred years earlier than its very close cousin, the Caucasian wisent, probably because it lived nearer to Central Europe. The last Carpathian wisent was shot in Máramaros in 1852 and the subspecies is now entirely extinct. Wisents descended from the Polish population were reintroduced into the southern Carpathians by Rewilding Europe and the World Wide Fund for Nature starting in 2014, and the rewilding area hosted a population of 30 animals by the end of 2017.
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