East African Oryx

East African Oryx

Beisa

Kingdom
Phylum
Subphylum
Class
Order
Family
Subfamily
Genus
SPECIES
Oryx beisa
Population size
11-13 Thou
Life Span
18 yrs
WEIGHT
79 kg
HEIGHT
110-120 cm
LENGTH
160-190 cm

The East African oryx is a species of antelope from East Africa. They have a grey coat with a white underside, separated from the grey by a stripe of black. There are also black stripes where the head attaches to the neck, along the nose, from the eye to the mouth and on the forehead. The mane is small and chestnut-colored. The ringed horns are thin and straight. they are found on both sexes.

Distribution

East African oryx are found in Ethiopia, northern and eastern Kenya, parts of Tanzania, and in South Sudan. They live in semi-deserts, brush savannas and steppes.

East African Oryx habitat map

Geography

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

East African oryx are social animals. They gather in herds of 5 to 40 animals, often with females moving at the front and a large male guarding from the rear. Some older males are solitary. Solitary males are often accompanied for brief periods by breeding-condition females. East African oryx are diurnal creatures. Leaving under conditions of extreme heat, these animals are able to store water by raising their body temperatures in order to avoid perspiration. When feeling danger East African oryx usually flee, however, when cornered they defend themselves with the help of their spear-like horns, sometimes causing fatal injuries.

Diet and Nutrition

East African oryx are herbivorous animals. Their diet consists of grasses, leaves, fruits, and buds.

Mating Habits

REPRODUCTION SEASON
year-round
PREGNANCY DURATION
8.5-10 month
BABY CARRYING
1 calf
FEMALE NAME
doe
MALE NAME
buck
BABY NAME
calf

Little is known about the mating system in East African oryx. The breeding season takes place throughout the year. Females give birth to a single calf after the gestation period that lasts 8.5-10 months. After birth, calves stay hidden for 2-6 weeks, after which they join the herd. They are usually weaned at 3.5 months. Females in this species reach reproductive maturity at 1.5-2 years of age, while males are ready to breed when they are 5 years old.

Population

Population threats

The main threats to East African oryx include hunting for meat and hides and encroachment by settlement. Competition with livestock poses another serious threat to these antelopes.

Population number

According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of East African oryx is 11,000-13,000 mature individuals. This species’ numbers are decreasing and it is currently classified as Endangered (EN) on the IUCN Red List.

References

1. East African Oryx on Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/East_African_oryx
2. East African Oryx on The IUCN Red List site - https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/15571/50191877

More Fascinating Animals to Learn About