Indian rat snake, 'darash', dhaman, ghora pachar
The Oriental ratsnake (Ptyas mucosa) is a common non-venomous species of colubrid snake found in South and Southeast Asia. It is the second largest snake in Sri Lanka, after the Indian rock python. Rat snakes are diurnal, semi-arboreal and fast-moving. They eat a variety of prey and are frequently found in urban areas where rodents thrive.
Diurnal animals are active during the daytime, with a period of sleeping or other inactivity at night. The timing of activity by an animal depends ...
A carnivore meaning 'meat eater' is an organism that derives its energy and nutrient requirements from a diet consisting mainly or exclusively of a...
Terrestrial animals are animals that live predominantly or entirely on land (e.g., cats, ants, snails), as compared with aquatic animals, which liv...
Arboreal locomotion is the locomotion of animals in trees. In habitats in which trees are present, animals have evolved to move in them. Some anima...
Precocial species are those in which the young are relatively mature and mobile from the moment of birth or hatching. Precocial species are normall...
Oviparous animals are female animals that lay their eggs, with little or no other embryonic development within the mother. This is the reproductive...
A territory is a sociographical area that which an animal consistently defends against the conspecific competition (or, occasionally, against anima...
Predators are animals that kill and eat other organisms, their prey. Predators may actively search for or pursue prey or wait for it, often conceal...
NoNot a migrant
Animals that do not make seasonal movements and stay in their native home ranges all year round are called not migrants or residents.
Despite their large size, Oriental ratsnakes are usually quite slender. Their color varies from pale browns in dry regions to nearly black in moist forest areas. The lower surface is yellowish; the posterior is ventral and the caudal shields may be edged with black.
Oriental ratsnakes are found in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, China (Zhejiang, Hubei, Jiangxi, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan, Tibet, Hong Kong, Taiwan), India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia (Sumatra, Java, Bali), Iran, Laos, West Malaysia, Nepal, Myanmar, Pakistan (Sindh area), Thailand, Turkmenistan, Vietnam, Nepal. They inhabit forest floors, wetlands, rice paddies, farmland, and suburban areas.
Oriental ratsnakes are solitary creatures. They are diurnal and semi-arboreal. Although these snakes are harmless to humans, they are fast-moving and very excitable. In captivity individuals remain highly territorial and may continue to defend their turf aggressively, attempting to startle or strike at passing objects. When threatened, adults emit a growling sound and inflate their necks. If captured, they will try to bite.
Oriental ratsnakes mate in late spring and early summer, though in tropical areas reproduction may take place year-round. During this time males establish boundaries of territory using a ritualized test of strength in which they intertwine their bodies. The behavior is sometimes misread by observers as a 'mating dance' between opposite-sex individuals. Females produce 6-15 eggs per clutch several weeks after mating. The incubation period lasts around 60 days. The young measure 36-41 cm in total length and are completely independent at birth.
Oriental ratsnakes are aggressively hunted by humans in some areas of their range for skins and meat. Due to their defensive behavior, Oriental ratsnakes often resemble the King cobra or Indian cobra; this often backfires in human settlements, though, as the harmless animal is then mistaken for a venomous snake and killed.
According to IUCN Red List, the Eastern fox snake is locally common throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. Currently, this species is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List but its numbers today are decreasing.