Rose-Ringed Parakeet

Rose-Ringed Parakeet

Ring-necked parakeet

Psittacula krameri
Population size
Life Span
30-34 yrs
95-140 g
38-42 cm
42-48 cm

The Rose-ringed parakeet is a medium-sized parrot that occurs in disjunct native ranges in Africa and South Asia. The adult male sports a red and black neck ring, and the hen and immature birds of both sexes either show no neck rings or display shadow-like pale to dark grey neck rings. Both sexes have a distinctive green color in the wild, and captive-bred ringnecks have multiple color mutations including blue, violet, and yellow. Rose-ringed parakeets are now introduced into many other parts of the world where escaped birds have established themselves and are bred for the exotic pet trade. These parakeets have also proven themselves capable of living in a variety of climates outside their native range, and are even able to survive low winter temperatures in Northern Europe.


Rose-ringed parakeets are native to Africa and South Asia. They don't migrate and live in a wide variety of habitats. They can be found in grasslands, savanna, shrubland, rainforests, mangroves, and wetlands. These birds also occur in rural gardens and agricultural areas.

Rose-Ringed Parakeet habitat map

Climate zones

Habits and Lifestyle

Rose-ringed parakeets are social birds. They are active during the day spending their time, foraging, flying about, and resting in the shades of tree canopy during midday hours. They often gather in flocks that fly several miles to forage in farmlands and orchards. Rose-ringed parakeets are very noisy and have an unmistakable squawking call.

Seasonal behavior

Diet and Nutrition

Rose-ringed parakeets are herbivores and usually feed on buds, fruits, vegetables, nuts, berries, and seeds. In India, they eat cereal grains, and during winter also pigeon peas. In Egypt during the spring, they feed on mulberry, and in summer they feed on dates and eat from sunflower and corn fields.

Mating Habits

September-December in north-west India
3 weeks
2 years
1-7 eggs

Rose-ringed parakeets are serially monogamous; they do not have life mates and often breed with another partner during the following breeding season. In north-west India, Rose-ringed parakeets form pairs from September to December. During this cold season, they select and defend nest sites, thus avoiding competition for sites with other birds. The female lays 1 to 7 eggs and incubates them alone for about 3 weeks. The chick hatch altricial meaning they are helpless and depend on their parents for feeding and protection. The young fledge at 7 weeks of age and become independent when they are 2 years old. Reproductive maturity is usually reached at the age of 3 years.


Population threats

The population of the Rose-ringed parakeet appears to be increasing, but its popularity as a pet and unpopularity with farmers have reduced its numbers in some parts of its native range.

Population number

According to IUCN, the Rose-ringed parakeet is common and widespread throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available. However, there are estimates of its populations in Japan which includes around 100-10,000 introduced breeding pairs. Currently, the Rose-ringed parakeet is classified as Least Concern (LC) on the IUCN Red List and its numbers today are increasing.

Fun Facts for Kids

  • Captive Rose-ringed parakeets can be taught to speak. Both males and females are also able to mimic human speech. First, the bird listens to its surroundings, and then it copies the voice of the human speaker. Some people hand-raise Rose-ringed parakeet chicks for this purpose. Such parrots then become quite tame and receptive to learning.
  • Rose-ringed parakeets are popular as pets and they have a long history in aviculture. These birds have also been released in a wide range of cities around the world, giving them an environment with few predators where their preferred diet of seeds, nuts, fruits, and berries is available from suburban gardens and bird feeders. Their adaptations to cold winters in the Himalayan foothills allow these parakeets to easily withstand European winter conditions.
  • Farmers are not happy with Rose-ringed parakeets and consider them as serious pests because they often visit farmlands and orchards, causing extensive damage.


1. Rose-Ringed Parakeet on Wikipedia -
2. Rose-Ringed Parakeet on The IUCN Red List site -

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